Treatment Options for Crack Cocaine Addiction

Treatment Options for Crack Cocaine Addiction

One of the first steps to treating an addiction to crack cocaine is recognition of a problem. Crack stays in the system a matter of minutes but can be detected for days or weeks following use. Signs and symptoms of addiction are physically noticeable. Find out how to get help for addiction to crack cocaine and what to expect in treatment.


What is Addiction

Addictive qualities of crack may compel frequent and chronic use. A person with addiction to crack demonstrate signs and symptoms both mentally and physically. The following signs and symptoms may be present:

  • Abrupt weight loss
  • Always needing money
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Lack of attention to personal grooming
  • Constant alertness and nervousness
  • Constant sniffing
  • Insomnia
  • Looking tired
  • Loss of interest in family, friends, personal hobbies
  • Mood changes


Treating Addiction

Treatment of crack addiction includes both pharmacological and behavioral approaches. A combination of both is preferred for greater success. Options may include:


    • Medication for treatment. No medication available treats cocaine dependence and withdrawal. Detox clinics provide mostly emotional and social support. Long term, post acute withdrawal symptoms (PAWS) from cocaine can be treated with antidepressants.


  • Behavioral treatment for crack addiction. Cognitive-behavioral therapy can be tailored to persons with addiction to crack. The therapeutic approach teaches persons with addiction to spot and correct behavior using skills learned in therapy. Community reinforcement includes vocational, social, familial and recreational reinforcers. Voucher-based reinforcement may also be used along with the Matrix Model which motivates individuals in therapy to stop using crack.




The main sources for treatment of crack addiction include the following places:

  • Crack addiction treatment center, also known as rehab. This may last anywhere from 30 days to a year.
  • Crack detox clinic which begins recovery process. Physicians support the individual by monitoring symptoms in a controlled environment.
  • Clinical psychologist or psychiatrist will help individual with addiction overcome dependency.
  • Crack addiction support groups can be found in 12-step programs other alternatives such as SMART Recovery or Rational Recovery, focused on community support.
  • Licensed clinical social workers help persons with addiction including therapeutically and with case management and educational efforts.
  • Personal physician can help get a person on the road to recovery with resources.
  • Trusted religious or spiritual leaders can guide a person to recovery options.


A person with addiction to crack cocaine should not try to quit the drug alone. It is a difficult drug to quit, with highly addictive properties. It can also have financial, personal and health related consequences for a person who uses long term. The best option is to seek treatment with the support of family, friends and loved ones in the community. Treatment options depend on an individual person’s circumstances. Utilizing the guide above it is possible to find the right option for treatment and get started on the road to recovery.


Crack cocaine is highly addictive but with the right help, a person can recover. The Villa provides support, resources and tools to help guide you on the right path. Call us to find out how we can help you get started on clean living.