Adderall is a central nervous system stimulant made up of two different chemicals called amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. These chemicals combine to change brain chemistry and help neurotransmitters send messages between nerve cells in the brain. When prescribed by doctors in the U.S. for medical reasons, Adderall can be taken in various dosages and is legal for use. Learn more about some uses for Adderall and how it has potential for abuse.
Uses for Adderall
Adderall has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and narcolepsy. When prescribed for ADHD, Adderall helps control symptoms such as difficulty focusing, staying still or controlling actions. Adderall helps treat excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden or deep attacks of sleep. Some Adderall effects range from simply annoying to uncomfortable. Adderall is prescribed by doctors to treat other medical conditions not approved by FDA. Adderall may be prescribed for treatment of:
- Depression resistant to other treatments
- Some forms of obesity
Non Medical Uses
Adderall is also used non medically, especially among full-time college students. Without prescription, Adderall may be used to achieve feelings of euphoria, to focus or stay awake and lose weight. Adderall use outside of medicinal purposes increases potential for dependence or abuse and may even lead to Adderall withdrawals. Some uses include:
- Focus of energy
- Improve memory
- Increase alertness
- Increase libido
- Lose weight
- Stay awake
- Appetite suppressant
Technical medical terms may include stimulant use at high enough doses it may be addictive. This is caused by changes to the brain’s pathways which creates a cycle of reward and desire. Most people who take Adderall as prescribed do not become addicted to the stimulant. The habit of taking it can slowly be weaned with medical supervision.
People who take Adderall without prescription and do not take Adderall as prescribed have a relatively high potential for abuse or to become addicted to the medicine. They may lose control over drug use or begin to compulsively seek and take Adderall despite negative consequences. When used improperly, it helps to be honest and seek help as it may lead to long term health and personal consequences down the road.
The Villa helps individuals struggling with addiction to painkillers, opiates or other types of substances. If you or someone you know needs help fighting addiction, call us to see how we can help you or your friend or family member get sober and clean.